The challenge of management of glaucoma is the time patients report to the eye clinic. It has been revealed from several studies that most people suffering from glaucoma in Africa report late, when remarkable vision has been lost.
The first symptom in most cases observed is usually reduced vision after which some other symptoms may set in. In some cases, especially closed angle glaucoma cases, some symptoms usually experienced are pains/heaviness of the eyes, reduced vision, tearing, floaters or flashes of light.
Treatment of glaucoma is aimed primarily at arresting or halting the progression of glaucomatous damage, thereby maintaining the vision that is left by controlling the intra-ocular pressure which has been found to be the main modifiable risk factor of glaucoma.
Glaucoma is treated medically and/or surgically. Medical therapy is usually mostly eye drops taken all through one’s lifetime. It is also recommended that the rest of the family of a glaucoma patient be examined by an eye specialist since it is highly genetically transmitted. Any unnecessary delay can make the preservation of useful vision very difficult.